What is a listed building?

Content What does the listing cover? More meanings of listed building Grade II Listed Building Do’s and Don’ts Examples of Grade I listed buildings Taking Out Listed Property Insurance Applications for a certificate of immunity from listing go some way to address this, but a failed application results in listing – and therefore carries its …

July 21, 2022

‘locally listed’

Applications for a certificate of immunity from listing go some way to address this, but a failed application results in listing – and therefore carries its own risk to owners and developers. ‘Archaeology’ is not just stuff buried in the ground but the process of looking at evidence from the past to work things out about how people used to live from the traces they left behind. This is often referred to as the ‘evidential value’ or ‘archaeological interest’ of a place. We assess sites for the ways buildings demonstrate how people have outwardly expressed what they consider to be important, as well as what buildings reveal about how people lived & used sites. A grade II listed building is a property that deemed to have special significance and is protected by law.

New aparthotel at a Victorian era listed building in Cardiff – Serviced Apartment News

New aparthotel at a Victorian era listed building in Cardiff.

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In Scotland, the process slightly predated the war with the Marquess of Bute commissioning the architect Ian Lindsay in September 1936 to survey 103 towns and villages based on an Amsterdam model using three categories . Before dealing with the two questions raised, there is a possible problem arising from the listing of the church (assuming this was formally listed under the Act, and not simply ‘locally listed’). Might this former vicarage be said to be within the curtilage of the listed building? The reason for my irritation is that we have a well-established statutory system in this country for the formal listing of buildings of architectural or historic interest on a national basis. These are buildings which are objectively assessed by English Heritage as being of architectural or historic interest and which are then included by the Department of Culture Media and Sport on the statutory list under the Planning Act 1990. An LPA can seek the ‘spot listing’ of a building by DCMS, and if it is considered to be of listable quality it will subsequently be added to the statutory list; if not, then it won’t.

What does the listing cover?

In 2015 the Carlton Tavern, a ‘remarkably intact’ 1920s pub, was flattened just before What Is A Listed Building? England was due to recommend listing. And at the end of August 2017, owners of a 17th-century former hotel and bar in Bristol city centre destroyed an ornate 400-year-old ceiling, ahead of a planned site visit and listing review. Building Preservation Notices are available, but at SAVE Britain’s Heritage we find that councils are increasingly reluctant to use them – largely because of the risk of financial compensation if the listing proposal fails. Historic buildingmeans a building or buildings located within the bound- aries of a park area if the building is part of a pre-historic or historic dis- trict or site included on, or eligible for inclusion on, the National Register of Historic Places.

  • We flagged up the likelihood that proposals to build a new house within the curtilage of a house on the outskirts of St Albans could impact on significant undesignated Roman archaeology.
  • Deans Lodge in Wells required careful and sympathetic refurbishment to ensure that it was suitable for the new Dean of Wells Cathedral.
  • Alteration and refurbishment of the Old Laundry on Grade II listed school site to create a new school shop.
  • Councils hope that owners will recognise the merits of their properties and keep them unaltered if at all possible.
  • As accredited historic interior designers, many of our projects seek to resolve planning and listed building requirements, for the interior fit-out and refurbishment of historic and listed properties.

The legislative frameworks for each type of historic asset remains unchanged. A photographic library of English listed buildings was started in 1999 as a snapshot of buildings listed at the turn of the millennium. This is not an up-to-date record of all listed buildings in England – the listing status and descriptions are only correct as at February 2001.

More meanings of listed building

If this is something you are interested in getting involved with then check out your local authority’s planning pages on their website to see what is already happening in your area. We also comment on planning applications where there is likely to be an impact on buried archaeology. Only a small proportion of buried archaeology is protected by designation and a lot remains undisturbed and undiscovered. We are able to choose which LBC applications we comment on and when to provide specialist advice.

  • If you want to purchase a listed building to modernise it, it’s unlikely that your applications for consent are going to be approved.
  • Buildings of outstanding or national architectural or historic interest make up the three per cent listed as Grade I.
  • People tend to assume that you only need to obtain consent if you want to make major changes to a listed building.
  • Don’t underestimate the cost of repairs and rebuilding in the event of disaster striking.

Your local library and archives service may be able to help provide you with local census data, historic maps, and other relevant information about local history. The Vernacular Architecture Group have resources to help with buildings care, buildings archaeology, and a list of publications. In Radnorshire, Wales we championed the case for retention of a former pigsty and its reuse as a garden outbuilding, recognising the evidential value of small vernacular agricultural buildings. This not only would have retained the evidential value but also provided savings on embodied carbon . Unfortunately, the building was demolished prior to the application being submitted. We succeeded in gaining the support of the Local Authority and wrote it up as an article for the Institute of Historic Building Conservation’s Context magazine.

Grade II Listed Building Do’s and Don’ts

The legislation was abandoned despite strong cross-party support, to make room in the parliamentary legislative programme for measures to deal with the credit crunch, though it may be revived in future. The proposal was that the existing registers of buildings, parks and gardens, archaeology and battlefields, maritime wrecks, and World Heritage Sites be merged into a single online register that will “explain what is special and why”. English Heritage would become directly responsible for identifying historic assets in England and there would be wider consultation with the public and asset owners, and new rights of appeal. There would have been streamlined systems for granting consent for work on historic assets. There have been several attempts to simplify the heritage planning process for listed buildings in England.


Deans Lodge in Wells required careful and sympathetic refurbishment to ensure that it was suitable for the new Dean of Wells Cathedral. Working closely with all parties involved preserving the existing fixtures and fittings as much as possible to maintain the historical integrity of the building. Historic Environment Scotland have produced an extensive series of helpful free guides to help you look after your listed building. We were delighted to be able to work with the Trefonen Rural Action Group in Shropshire.

Grade II Listed Building Restrictions

With studios in Georgian Bath and West and Central, we are regularly instructed to work with our clients on the renovation of the interiors of listed properties. WOOLF Interior Design & Interior Architecture specialise in the interior design of such period properties and have a significant portfolio of successful historic residential and hotel interior restoration projects. Buildings will not be assessed for listing unless they are of obvious historical or architectural significance, part of current or planned thematic review, or under imminent danger of demolition. People contact SAVE every week about threatened buildings – such as the Victorian Smithfield General Market – that don’t quite make the grade for listing and therefore go unprotected. Imminent threat often means close-to-bulldozer-ready, which is frustrating on all sides and adds an unnecessary reactionary element to the process.

  • After the Firestone demolition, the Secretary of State for the Environment Michael Heseltine also initiated a complete re-survey of buildings to ensure that everything that merited preservation was on the lists.
  • As you might imagine, many British listed buildings are centuries old and represent the history and culture of the time in which they were constructed.
  • Similarly, some local authorities are more likely to approve an extension if it is going to be built using the same or similar materials to the original structure and built in the same style.
  • Ancient, military, and uninhabited structures, such as Stonehenge, are sometimes instead classified as scheduled monuments and are protected by separate legislation.
  • Buildings that are not formally listed but still judged as being of heritage interest can still regarded as a material consideration in the planning process.
  • A photographic library of English listed buildings was started in 1999 as a snapshot of buildings listed at the turn of the millennium.

Buildings not individually noteworthy may still be listed if they form part of a group that is—for example, all the buildings in a square. Sometimes large areas comprising many buildings may not justify listing but receive the looser protection of designation as a conservation area. After several years of consultation with heritage groups, charities, local planning authorities, and English Heritage, in March 2010 the DCLG published Planning Policy Statement 5, “Planning for the Historic Environment”. This replaced PPG15 and set out the government’s national policies on the conservation of the historic environment in England. PPS5 was supported by a Practice Guide, endorsed by the DCLG, the DCMS, and English Heritage, which explained how to apply the policies stated in PPS5. In England, the Department for Culture, Media and Sport works with Historic England , and other government departments, e.g. Department for Communities and Local Government and the Department for the Environment, Food and Rural Affairs to deliver the government policy on the protection to historic buildings and other heritage assets.

Examples of Grade I listed buildings

In our experience working with the Conservation Department at the Local Planning Authority, can result in unique and stunning interiors, often bolder in design than the original plan and still respectful of a Historic Building’s rare history. Your solicitor will review the results of the local authority search for the property which reveals all the permissions obtained from the local planning authority for the property. Anyone can submit an application to ‘spot list’ so, in theory, a building under threat will be assessed immediately. Statutory protection is written into the planning regulations – you must have regard for listed buildings, and show how proposals will not harm their special interest. It is a criminal offence to demolish or alter a listed building without consent. It is thankfully very difficult to demolish listed buildings – but change can be allowed. Historic England is keen to demystify the process by encouraging people to ‘enrich the list’ with facts, anecdotes, and recent photographs.


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